UC120 Terminology
  • In this section you will find some terms used in the Oral Communication course that are not specifically covered in other areas of the Faculty and Student sections of this site.

    Types of Speaking

    1. Extemporaneous - delivering a speech from notes or a keyword outline. This is the most practical and natural speaking style.
    2. Manuscript - delivering a speech from a text word-for-word. This is generally undesirable, as it alienates the audience.
    3. Memorized - delivering a speech from memory. Usually only effective for very short speeches.
    4. Impromptu - delivering a speech with little or no preparation.

    Components of the Transactional Communication Model

    1. Situation – the reason or occasion for the communication
    2. Sender – the person generating the communication
    3. Receiver – the person receiving the communication
    4. Message – the actual information the sender is trying to convey to the receiver. (Note: a message is created by the sender – the receiver turns the message into meaning)
    5. Channel – the method by which the communication travels – voice, media, etc.
    6. Feedback – response from receiver back to sender, can be verbal or nonverbal
    7. Noise – anything that gets in the way of the clear communication of information from sender to receiver

    Persuasive Speech Goals

    1. Reinforce Existing Opinion
    2. Create New Opinion
    3. Change Opinion
    4. Motivate Action

    Persuasive Speech Structures

    1. Claim-to-Proof (Reinforce Existing, Create New)
    2. Problem – Solution (Reinforce Existing, Create New, Change)
    3. Best Solution (Reinforce Existing, Create New, Change, Motivate)
    4. Monroe’s Motivated Sequence (Motivate)

    Listening Types

    1. Discriminative – listening to make out the words that the speaker is using
    2. Comprehensive - listening to understand
    3. Therapeutic – acting as a “sounding board”
    4. Appreciative – listening for enjoyment
    5. Critical Listening – deciding to accept all or part of a message based upon evidence and reasoning

    Main Point Organizational Strategies

    1. Chronological – Time Based
    2. Spatial – Location Based
    3. Causal – Cause to Effect
    4. Problem-solution – Problem then Solution
    5. Topical – anything not included in the other 4 strategies