Health & Sport Sciences, 2012
  • Athletic Training Advocacy to High School Students
    Sarah Burrie, Carrie Garner, Alyssa Otto
    Mentor: Bonnie Goodwin

    The purpose of this project was to design, implement, and evaluate an educational program for a local high school audience pertaining to nutrition and prevention of athletic injuries. The program was tailored to softball, baseball, and track athletes in the early part of their respective seasons. The nutrition portion encompassed proper caloric intake while participating in seasonal workouts. Topics included: Explaining how calories are expended during practices and competitions, the effects of caloric intake on performance, and reading and understanding a food label. The prevention aspect of the program was focused on proper technique for their respective sport, proper prevention and treatment of injuries, and how to care for injuries outside of the athletic trainer’s supervision.

    Most Effective Rehabilitation Protocols for a Bankart Repair
    Sarah Burrie, Alyssa Otto
    Mentor: Bonnie Goodwin

    When an athlete sustains an anterior shoulder dislocation, the presence of a Bankart lesion is most likely to appear (Ee et al., 2011). The purpose of this scholarly literature review was to compare the effects of common treatments for Bankart lesion. The two most common treatments are surgery, which is the recommended treatment, or conservative immobilization. Research has produced conflicting results regarding the most effective sutures to prevent further instability after Bankart lesion repair (Sugaya et al., 2006). The surgical approach, along with an accelerated rehabilitation to follow, has produced the best results in reduction of risking another dislocation and increasing stability of the shoulder joint (Law et al., 2007). Reviewing evidence-based rehabilitation protocols that differ in levels of aggressiveness helps to identify the most effective postoperative procedures for returning young, active patients to pre-injury level of activity.

    What is an Athletic Trainer?
    Rose Bussey, Daniel Frankart, Chad Zawacki, Daniel Meronoff
    Mentor: Bonnie Goodwin

    The objective of this advocacy project was to give comprehensive background information about the athletic training profession to third grade students. The focus of the presentation was on the domain of prevention. Key points that were covered throughout this project included safety, first aid and CPR, hydration, stretching, proper diet and sleep. The emphasis was on how these topics play a key role in athletic trainers’ every day duties. The purpose of this presentation was to educate this young population of potential athletes and athletic trainers on how the profession of athletic training relates to them and their lives.

    Comparison of Balance between Male and Female Athletes and Non-athletes
    Rose Bussey, Kimberly Frissora
    Mentor: Bonnie Goodwin

    The purpose of this study was to determine the differences and similarities in balance among male and female athletes and non-athletes. Using 20 college-aged subjects, five each of male athletes, male non-athletes, female athletes, and female non-athletes, three separate balance tests were performed on three separate occasions. All participants had no previous history of concussions or lower extremity injuries, as these types of injuries may affect long term balance. The tests used in this study have established reliability and validity in in the field of athletic training, and included the following: the Tandem Walking test, the Romberg's test, and the Balance Error Scoring System(BESS) test. Participants were evaluated on balance performance, and given points based on the errors committed during each test. We calculated the mean number of points given during each testing occasion. A final total average score was calculated at the end of the three testing periods for comparison. We anticipate that female athletes have the best balance, followed by male athletes, then female non-athletes, and lastly male non-athletes.

    Ulnar Nerve Transposition
    Nicole Dundon, Lauren Clark
    Mentor: Bonnie Goodwin

    Ulnar Nerve Transposition (UNT) is a procedure or technique used to fix ulnar nerve entrapment, also known as cubital tunnel syndrome. Cubital tunnel syndrome is the second most common compressive neuropathy of the upper extremity. The purpose of this study was to research and explore the different surgical techniques used to relieve this entrapment. A literature review summarizing the findings was developed. A review of the literature revealed multiple transposition methods used to fix UNT. The subcutaneous method is the most common surgical technique used. Other methods include submuscular, intramuscular and the musculofascial lengthening technique. People affected with UNT are ones who perform repetitive or prolonged activities requiring the elbow to be bent or flexed.

    Concussion Law Writing Campaign
    Katherine Lynch, Kendra Pontius, Lance Anderson
    Mentor: Bonnie Goodwin

    Concussions have recently become a hot topic in sports medicine. Medical professionals, parents, and politicians have all become interested and involved in prevention, diagnosis and treatment of mild traumatic brain injuries. Return to activity is one area of constant review. The Ohio Athletic Training Association Political Action Committee has taken an initiative towards implementing a concussion law that establishes guidelines addressing management of concussions. This law would also control who can release student athletes to activity, ideally physicians and athletic trainers. The supporters of this law, the students of the athletic training program, sent letters to Ohio lawmakers advocating passing the bill into law as it is written, with athletic trainers and physicians releasing athletes to activity, rather than other medical professionals. Letters were sent to state lawmakers as well as national lawmakers with relation to Ohio. The goal of this project is to advocate for the concussion law in the state of Ohio and nationally.

    Surgical and Rehabilitation Techniques of Rolando’s Fracture
    Kendra Pontius, Alexa Bosanac
    Mentor: Bonnie Goodwin

    A fracture at the base of the first metacarpal is called a Rolando’s fracture. A Rolando’s fracture is similar to a Bennett’s fracture, but more comminuted in a “T” or a “Y” shape. The thumb is responsible for 40% of all hand functions. Without the thumb, it is very difficult to go about everyday life. Fractures of the first metacarpal are most commonly found in young children and the elderly. To treat a Rolando’s fracture, several techniques have been used. Open reduction and internal fixation with a K-wire, tension banding, or plate fixations are options that have shown success when the fracture is displaced. Research has found that when the fracture is not displaced, both open reduction and internal fixation with plaster casts has been a successful technique; and with rehabilitation, range of motion can often be restored with limitations to grip and pinch strength.