History, 2008
  • History, 2008



    The Jeffrey Manufacturing Company and the Coal Industry: Formation to Depression and Preperation for WWII, 1876-1941
    Christine Finch
    Mentor: Thomas C. Maroukis

    There are many different industries and companies that have shaped both Ohio and United States history. The Jeffrey Manufacturing Company had a revolutionizing impact on the coal industry. The establishment and development of The Jeffrey Manufacturing Company marks a new beginning for the coal mining process and the coal industry. This company, from 1876 to 1941, introduced revolutionary mining machinery, reputable business ethics, exceptional employee relations, and a legacy of leadership to both the American and Ohio coal production industries. This study examines these qualities and how The Jeffrey Manufacturing Company facilitated the coal mining process locally and nationally.



    Cleopatra VII's Achilles' Heel
    Danielle A. Greene
    Mentor: Kay Slocum

    Powerful women throughout history have been degraded for their openness toward sexuality, and Cleopatra VII was certainly not least among them. However, it is difficult to find sources that portray the Egyptian queen as anything other than a seductress. Contemporary Roman male writers seem unable to have appreciated either cultural or gender differences between themselves and Cleopatra. They declared her marriage to Ptolemy XIII devious and incestuous, in spite of its traditional practice among Egyptian royalty. Moreover, they portray her liaisons with Julius Caesar and Mark Antony as sinful, regardless of the political nature of both these affairs and her marriage. Roman sources also fail to note the immense impact of Cleopatra VII on history. Her affair and son with Julius Caesar influenced the decision to have him assassinated and created a threat to Octavian’s claim as his heir. Cleopatra's affair with Antony spurred conflict between him and Octavian, which eventually allowed the latter to emerge as the uncontested ruler of Rome. Thus, while Cleopatra meant her adulterous affairs to aid her county's independence from Rome through alliances with those in power, her choice of lovers ultimately led to the opposite: Egypt's colonization under the Roman monarchy of Augustus Caesar.



    Greek and Christian Women
    Alane Hiler
    Mentor: Kay Slocum

    There are several similarities between the narratives of Christianity and the collections of mythology around the world. One of these is the explanation of the fall of man from the divine. The accounts of Adam and Eve in the Bible, and Epimetheus and Pandora in Greek mythology have uncanny parallels; this is especially true when it comes to the behavior and treatment of the women. This paper investigates Greek myth and biblical messages and the great impact they had on the expectations of women in Ancient Greek and early Christian societies. It discusses the continuing influence of these lessons in churches today.



    A Synthesis of the Chinese and the Christian Religion: The Evangelization Genius of Matteo Ricci
    Brittany A. Irwin
    Mentor: Alexander V. Pantsov

    The world has had a very long history of missionaries, each possessing varying techniques of evangelization. Some have used very assertive and forceful conversion philosophies, while others have been so passive that they were not even noticed. There is one man who mastered a combination of these two techniques by passively asserting the Christian religion in China. This man was Matteo Ricci. Ricci was a genius when it came to introducing the Christian religion to the closed country of China in the late 16th to early 17th centuries CE. By synthesizing Chinese culture, values, and its love for technology and mathematics, with the Christian religion, Ricci was not only successful, but loved. These three aspects of conversion were what achieved his accomplishment, especially since Ricci did not adhere to the common ethnocentric tendencies of the West. Various primary sources are analyzed to prove each of these techniques, especially entries that Ricci and his new followers wrote while in China. By understanding how Ricci was successful with this cultural merging, one may be able to apply its execution to the present world and its consistent conflicts.



    The Cultural Identity of Ancient Greek Religion: A Study of the Effects of the Patriarchal Revolution in Greek Mythology
    Brittany A. Irwin
    Mentor: Kay Slocum

    At the close of the Neolithic Period, patriarchal tribes from the north conquered the matriarchal people of Greece. The assimilation of the Greek people by this warlike tribe was reflected in the religion of Ancient Greece from the Dark Ages to the end of the Classical Period (9th to 4th century BCE). This presentation examines the cultural battle resulting from this invasion, which changed the role of Greek women, especially the Mother Goddess, as seen in the mythology of the Greek religion during this time. First, a brief historical perspective of the Greek Neolithic era is presented to provide a context for the matriarchal religion that existed at that time, including a transitional look at the Minoan civilization. Next, a basic analysis of Classic Greek mythology in the patriarchal age is introduced, including a discussion of the gods and goddesses of the time. Then, specific examples in the mythology of the Greeks are examined, including such works as the Theogony and several of the Homeric Hymns. Iconographical examples are intertwined to further solidify this analysis of ancient Greek religion through art.



    Christine de Pizan: Modern Feminist Thought in Cite de Dames
    Heather Pritchard
    Mentor: Kay Slocum

    This paper analyzes Christine de Pizan’s literary work, Cite des Dames as a contribution to modern feminist thought. It explores Christine’s de Pizan’s motives for writing Cite des Dames and explains the aims it accomplished for women living during the time in which it was written. It utilizes historical scholarship through the exploration of primary source documents and secondary source documents. More specifically, this paper delves into how Christine de Pizan, by writing Cite des Dames, proves women’s capabilities, educates other women, and writes a new women’s history. Through the analysis of these three themes, it is evident that Christine de Pizan’s was one of Europe’s first modern feminists.