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This presentation compares and contrasts child welfare in Central Ohio to child welfare throughout America using research and our field experiences at various child welfare agencies in Central Ohio, including The United Methodist Children's Home Treatment Foster Care, Children's Services, and Gladdon Community Center. Three specific topics are discussed: family preservation, foster care, and permanency. Several programs whose focus is on family preservation are being developed and implemented throughout America. We discuss some of these programs including The Annie E. Casey Foundation's Family to Family Initiative. Placement in foster care is usually temporary and a result of abuse or neglect of a child. Child welfare agencies try to avoid foster care by maintaining children safely in their home whenever possible. We discuss programs that promote permanency including services to prevent placement and adoption.
The purpose of this exploratory study is to discuss PTSD (Post Traumatic Stress Disorder) among U.S. soldiers returning home from Iraq War. For many the transition from the battlefield to home is extremely difficult. According to the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual, IV-R of the American Psychiatric Association, PTSD develops when exposure to severe or catastrophic traumatic events increases the frequency of intense anxiety and hopelessness. Over time the traumatic event is re-experienced in several ways including recurrent flashbacks and nightmares which can lead to avoidance, detachment, and restricted affect. PTSD is also associated with sleep difficulties, angry outbursts, and poor concentration. Treatment of PTSD can be time consuming and costly. Solutions to the problem of PTSD among veterans requires quality healthcare services which requires funding and training for additional social workers to enable greater adjustment for affected veterans within family and community settings.
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