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Millions of people in the world are refugees, forced to flee their countries because of war or persecution. The United States has resettled over 40,000 refugees each year since 2003, with one fourth of those originally coming from Somalia (Jefferys, 2007). Somali refugees live in refugee camps administered by the United Nations (UN) before being admitted to the United States or other country. The UN estimates that over one third of refugee children do not attend school, and that those who do attend school are often taught by teachers without qualifications (Ahlen, 2006). When Somali children arrive in the United States, they are enrolled in schools which must follow the No Child Left Behind Act (NCLB, 2001). This study examines the programs of one Ohio school district, which implemented in order to meet the requirements of NCLB, to determine how they are related to the strengths of the Somali culture, and to respond to the specific needs of refugee children. Implications for policy and research are discussed.
President Barack Obama reversed the ban on funding of stem cell research. This will allow the National Institutes of Health to publicly fund this exploration and develop a clearer understanding of stem cell therapy. This research has the possibility of treating many diseases, including Alzheimer’s. Currently, there is no comprehensive clinical evidence that stem cells can cure this disease but studies leave researchers hopeful. This literature review includes how Alzheimer’s has been treated in the past and present, along with an explanation of how stem cells are used and how they can benefit Alzheimer’s patients in the future. Also included are several media articles explaining how stem cells fit into a political context. The purpose of the literature review is to educate experts on the benefits of stem cells and the growing Alzheimer’s treatment that researchers may encounter in the future.
Family structure is an important aspect of every society, because it heavily influences the socialization of the children. The family setting is the most prominent display of gender roles. On a trip to Panama, I observed the gender roles and typical family structure of the Kuna people in the village of Ustupu over a five day span of emersion. The Kuna are a tribe of people who live throughout the Kuna Yala Islands off the coast of Panama. They have preserved much of their culture by refusing to assimilate to the main land of Panama. I observed everyday interactions and informally surveyed a small sample of members to learn about marriage customs, divorce rates, child behavior, parenting, and gender roles and their impact on family structure. This research is intended to increase understanding of the culture’s basic family structure and how it impacts everyday life.
Based on social learning theory, this poster is designed to promote greater understanding of students with AD/HD (Attention Deficit/ Hyperactivity Disorder). Specifically, factors related to academic achievement based on psychosocial perspective are reviewed with a focus on tools students need to succeed in the classroom. The following clinical topics are explored: the symptoms of AD/HD, how the symptoms interfere with academic achievement, and how behavioral theories are used to more effectively assess and target change within varied contexts.
The purpose of this study is to investigate information about the Earned Income Tax Credit (EITC) in order to maximize its usage in Ohio. We did this by examining a variety of sources that showed both EITC usage across Ohio and the poverty levels per region in order to determine people’s EITC eligibility. We hypothesized possible eligibility using different metrics from the census bureau and determined possible outreach opportunities. This research is important because the EITC promotes working for people who are at or below the poverty line. Upon receiving a larger tax return, we hope that they spend this and thus stimulate the economy. In the study, we chose to use Ohio house districts because they are similarly sized, which allows us to make comparisons. In conclusion, the research of the EITC is used to show the House Representative how we can use outreach to maximize the potential of the EITC and to receive their encouragement and support.
The purpose of this study is to examine the efficacy of treatment methods with the dually diagnosed population of clients. Dually diagnosed individuals are those that have two disorders represented on Axis I, as defined by the DSM IV, consisting of a mental health condition as well as a substance use disorder. Often as social workers, we come to the table with our own idea of what a client should want. We are aware of the impact that a harm reduction approach can have on a person when other approaches are not effective in treating this group of clients. Many people are afraid of harm reduction and turn to abstinence based treatment as “the only way” when clients might benefit from a different type of treatment modality. Finding and presenting research based evidence would be beneficial for anyone working with the dually diagnosed to assist in better outcomes. This research study examined findings of other researchers on the efficacy of various treatment approaches and it suggested that client options to treatment are most effective in assessing the dually diagnosed population.
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